To support the further growth of the company, we are looking for Architects, Architectural draughtsmen, Engineers, a Digital Marketing Manager and Sales managers. Do you have the drive?

Back to overview

The main differences between timber frame construction and steel frame construction

02 May 2019

Steel frame construction or timber frame construction?

A construction method that uses many load-bearing elements with a limited section is frame construction.  This method is based on load-bearing frames that can be filled with insulating material.  One of the most important things concerning working with frames is the possibility to automate and prefabricate the systems.

Just as a variety of materials can be used in traditional construction, many options exist for frame construction. The main differences between steel frame & timber frame can be found below.

Steel frame construction

Construction

  • Frame constructed from steel profiles (C or U)
  • sheet elements provided by structural sheeting (osb, Durelis, etc.) or wind bracing
  • anchoring with foundation using standard or chemical anchors

Insulation

  • In the frame:
  • Rock wool or fibreglass wool (acoustic insulation)
  • External frame: Insulating plating (thermal insulation)

Spans

  • Large span & cantilever possible
  • Use can be made of trusses or hot rolled steel

Comparative characteristics

  • Corrosion, moisture and vermin resistant
  • Shrink-free
  • Light in weight/can be moved manually
  • Architectural freedom

Timber frame construction

Construction

  • Frame constructed from wooden framework
  • sheet elements provided by structural plating (osb, Durelis, etc.)
  • Anchoring of foundation by means of chemical anchoring

Insulation

  • In the frame:
  • Rock wool or other
  • External frame: insulating plating

Spans

  • Limited span & cantilever possible
  • Using wooden I-profiles/beams

Comparative characteristics

  • Sensitive to moisture & vermin
  • Wood moves: shrinkage and creep damage
  • Heavier than cold-formed steel profiles
  • Sustainable
  • Limited architectural freedom